2D structural formula of Tetrachloroethylene

TETRACHLOROETHYLENE

What is it?

“Tetrachloroethylene, also known under the systematic name tetrachloroethene, or perchloroethylene (“perc” or “PERC”), and many other names, is a chlorocarbon with the formula Cl2C=CCl2.” Wikipedia

What are the effects?

This substance belongs to the groups:

The chemical is prohibited for use in cosmetic products in the European Union by CosIng. CosIng is the European Commission database for information on cosmetic substances and ingredients.

The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) have registered that tetrachloroethylene/perchloroethylene (perc) is “toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is suspected of causing cancer, causes serious eye irritation, causes skin irritation, may cause an allergic skin reaction and may cause drowsiness or dizziness.”

How is it used?

Tetrachloroethylene is most commonly used for dry cleaning fabrics. The chemical then stays on the fabric, and high levels of residual perc have been found on dry cleaned wool, cotton, and polyester, reports the Environmental Working Group (EWG).  The chemical can also be found in shoe polish, spot removers, and wood cleaners. But usually, human contact occurs when cleaned items are unpacked indoors and amounts of the chemical are released into the air indoors.

We use the European Commissions definition of Cosmetics:
“Cosmetics range from everyday hygiene products such as soap, shampoo, deodorant, and toothpaste to luxury beauty items including perfumes and makeup”.

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