What is it?

“Menthyl anthranilate (meradimate) is a sunscreening agent. It is one of the 17 ingredients approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in over-the-counter sunscreen products.” Wikipedia

What are the effects?

This substance belongs to the groups:

Meradimate, also known as menthyl anthranilate, have been found to affect human sperm function in a progesterone-like manner. Progesterone is a type of hormone.

Researchers from Danish EDMaRC have found that almost half of all approved UV filters  – including meradimate – in traditional sunscreens interfere with the function of sperm, which can lead to the sperm failing to fertilize an egg.

The researchers write in their report EDC IMPACT: Chemical UV filters can affect human sperm function in a progesterone-like manner that “Human male infertility is a common problem worldwide. The causes are in many cases unknown, but exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) has been suspected to be involved.”

How is it used?

Meradimate or menthyl anthranilate is a chemical sunscreen used as UV light absorber in cosmetics and sunscreens products. However, it is not the most widely UV chemical as it reportedly is a weak UVB filter that mainly absorbs UVA rays.

EDmaRC has found the following “Biomonitoring studies show that over 90% of the Danish population excretes UV filters in their urine not only during the summer period but throughout the whole year. It is caused by the wide industrial use of UV filters, not only in sunscreens but also in many other everyday consumer products, such as personal care products, food packaging, furniture, clothes, detergent, toys, cleansing agents and many others. Widespread use of UV filters is caused by their unique properties to protect colors from blushing and to protect plastic from melting due to sun exposure.”

We use the European Commissions definition of Cosmetics:
“Cosmetics range from everyday hygiene products such as soap, shampoo, deodorant, and toothpaste to luxury beauty items including perfumes and makeup”.

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