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2D structural formula of Geraniol


What is it?

“Geraniol is a monoterpenoid and an alcohol. It is the primary part of rose oil, palmarosa oil, and citronella oil (Java type). It has the chemical formula C10H18O.” Wikipedia

What are the effects?

This substance belongs to the groups:

Geraniol is restricted for use in cosmetics within the European Union. The international Fragrance Association also recommends restricting it in cosmetics.

The Swedish Society for Nature Conservation (SSNC) list geraniol as a substance causing allergies.

The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) classifies geraniol as “toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, causes serious eye damage, causes skin irritation and may cause an allergic skin reaction.”

The fragrance chemical geraniol is classified as a frequent and well recognized allergen in CosIng, the European Commission database for information on cosmetic substances and ingredients.

How is it used?

Geraniol is used as a component in various aromatic and essential oils for cosmetic products*, most commonly found in perfume formulations. In cosmetics it can be found in lipsticks, skin care products, hair products, after shaves, and other similar products. The substance can also be found in different food flavourings such as watermelon, citrus, peach, pineapple, and other fruit flavours. It is also listed as an in ingredient in cigarettes, used to enhance flavour of them.

In cosmetics it functions as a fragrance, masking (decreases or inhibits the basic odor in the product) and tonic (creates a feeling of well-being of the products on skin and hair) ingredient. The scent of geraniol is rose-like and it has mosquito repellent properties. Though notable, it is also known to attract bees.

We use the European Commissions definition of Cosmetics:
“Cosmetics range from everyday hygiene products such as soap, shampoo, deodorant, and toothpaste to luxury beauty items including perfumes and makeup”.

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