EUGENOL

What is it?

“Eugenol is a phenylpropene, an allyl chain-substituted guaiacol. Eugenol is a member of the phenylpropanoids class of chemical compounds. It has the chemical formula C10H12O2,.”  Wikipedia

What are the effects?

This substance belongs to the groups:

The Swedish Society for Nature Conservation (SSNC) writes that the substance is causing allergies.

The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) classifies eugenol as a substance that “may be fatal if swallowed and enters airways, causes serious eye irritation and may cause an allergic skin reaction.”

The fragrance chemical is classified as a frequent and well recognized allergen in CosIng, the European Commission database for information on cosmetic substances and ingredients.

Eugenol is restricted for us in cosmetic products in the EU; “The presence of the substance must be indicated in the list of ingredients referred to in Article 19(1)g when its concentration exceeds: – 0.001% in leave-on products – 0.01% in rinse-off products.”

How is it used?

Eugenol is being used in dentistry, plastic and rubbers, washing and cleaning products, biocides (as a disinfectant or pest control in products), and in certain foods. In cosmetic products*, it is most commonly used in fragrance formulations. The substance is a colourless liquid and can be extracted essential oils. It is oily, spicy and aromatic and functions as a fragrance enhancer. It can be found in cosmetics such as perfumes and oral care products.

We use the European Commissions definition of Cosmetics:
“Cosmetics range from everyday hygiene products such as soap, shampoo, deodorant, and toothpaste to luxury beauty items including perfumes and makeup”.

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