CHLORAMINE-T

What is it?

“Tosylchloramide or N-chloro tosylamide, sodium salt, sold as chloramine-T, is a N-chlorinated and N-deprotonated sulphonamide. It has the chemical formula C7H7ClNO2S·Na.” Wikipedia

What are the effects?

This substance belongs to the groups:

Chloramine-T is prohibited for use as an ingredient in cosmetic products in Canada. Health Canada has concluded that “exposure to chloramine T can result in skin and respiratory sensitization.” Also, substances that are expected to convert to chloramine T are prohibited for use in cosmetics.  (Our scanner highlights them too when found in content lists)

Chloramine-T is restricted for use in cosmetics within the European Union. The “maximum concentration in ready for use preparation” of the substance is set to 0.2% in CosIng annex III. Cosing is the European Commission database for information on cosmetic substances and ingredients.

The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) has registered that chloramine-T “causes severe skin burns and eye damage, is harmful if swallowed and may cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.”

This substances contains amines and may form toxic nitrosamines in products.

Contamination

Even though it is not listed on the list of ingredients, products with chloramine-T may contain impurities from:

  • Nitrosamines –  Linked to endocrine disruption, cancer, organ system toxicity, and is prohibited to use in cosmetics in the EU and Canada.

How is it used?

Chloramine-T works as an antimicrobial (helps control the growth of micro-organisms on the skin) in cosmetic products. It is also used as biocide (a chemical substance intended to destroy or deter harmful organism by chemical or biological means) and mild disinfectant. Due to its use as a surface disinfectant in the food industry, humans are potentially also exposed to the substance in products from a carry-over effect, even if it’s not listed in the list of ingredients.

We use the European Commissions definition of Cosmetics:
“Cosmetics range from everyday hygiene products such as soap, shampoo, deodorant, and toothpaste to luxury beauty items including perfumes and makeup”.

Read about the other ingredients.

SUBSTANCES

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